The experts concluded that there is not yet an occupational standard available as a fundament for the SAI curriculum and as guideline for program development. Nevertheless the NSSA started with development of these standards for TVET. It is recommended to involve the agricultural sector, including education and extension, in this process.
It is recommended to identify competences related to occupations and bring them into the learning processes in order to get employees, extensionists and entrepreneurs who are competent and therefore can apply knowledge and achieved skills in the professional practice. This includes entrepreneurial competences. It is also necessary to develop knowledge and skills in regard to the agribusiness value chain. These are crucial for further development of the agro food sector in Myanmar. For a quick feasible start the experts firstly recommend to implement ‘practical research’, done by students in cooperation with companies. This can be done on the school farms, supervised by teachers. Secondly, for third year students school enterprises can be established aiming at achievement both technical, economical and entrepreneurial skills and competencies. Capacity building of teachers both in pedagogical didactical skills and actual sectoral skills is important and has to be organized parallel with the implementation of school student enterprises and ‘practical research attachments’. In the same time this assignments contribute to teachers own knowledge building. Identification of necessary teaching and learning materials is recommended. Also ICT infrastructure and hardware is important.
Finally the experts recommend to reconsider the instruction language. The experts are convinced that English is a constraint for the students learning process and efficiency. At the same time effective training and use of English in the program and in assignments is important.
Arie de Jong: email@example.com (Ares University AS Wageningen is the Teacher Training faculty)